My PhD research focuses on cognitive wayfinding. It involves understanding how people learn an unfamiliar environment through verbal route descriptions that will also keep them oriented in space. 

I am interested in knowing what spatial information and features guide people in acquiring survey knowledge of a place when following verbal instructions. It is considered more important that a person is able ‘to learn’ the environment than just ‘to know’ about it. This research aims to propose an approach that will instill spatial learning in people making them more aware of their environment and enabling them to create spatial judgements while navigating.

My previous experiments involved an outdoor wayfinding activity following verbal route instructions in a shifting frame of reference. This is following the methodology of Toru Ishikawa and M. Kiyomoto.


For my PhD project, I intend to conduct series of experiments focusing on cognitive wayfinding.